January February 16, Friday January 12, pm, reception Monday February 5th 7pm, artist talk: Santos on January 12, and on view through February 16, The works explore notions of embodiment, autonomy, surveillance, and visibility. With our quickly evolving lives inundated by mass media, the world remains a constricted and binary place steeped in white supremacy and gender-based violence.
Posted on December 24, by Scott Alexander [source: This seems counterintuitive in the context of society as a whole becoming less religious and conservative. In the early s, a political economist named Laurence Iannaccone claimed that seemingly arbitrary demands and restrictions, like going without electricity the Amish or abstaining from caffeine Mormonscan actually make a group stronger.
He was trying to explain religious affiliation from a rational-choice perspective: According to Iannaccone, no. He claimed that churches that demanded real sacrifice of their members were automatically stronger, since they had built-in tools to eliminate people with weaker commitments.
And when a community only retains the most committed followers, it has a much stronger core than a community with laxer membership requirements. This muscular social fabric, in turn, attracts more members, who are drawn to the benefits of a strong community — leading to growth for groups with strict membership requirements.
Since then, Sosis has also demonstrated that religious Israeli kibbutz members are more generous in resource-sharing games than both secular, urban Israelis and secular kibbutzim.
He argues that this is, in part, because demanding rituals — such as having to pray three times a day and study Torah many hours a week — serve as a signal of investment in the kibbutz community. The more rituals you participate in, the more invested you feel — and the more willing you are to sacrifice for your fellows.
The whole group ends up with a weakened, and less committed, membership. Liberal Protestant churches, which have famously lax requirements about praxis, belief, and personal investment, therefore often end up having a lot of half-committed believers in their pews.
The whole community becomes weaker…and weaker…and weaker. Not that any of this should come as a surprise. This is the same principle of maintaining separation between in-group and out-group members which has worked so well for so many eons. But making the in-group follow specific rules to prove their dedication does seem particularly effective.
The Society for Ethical Culture was founded in by an ex-rabbi of course it was an ex-rabbi and looks pretty much exactly like every atheist religious substitute today. That got me a little depressed. Atheism has been trying the same things for the past one hundred fifty years and, I would argue, largely failing for the past one hundred fifty years.
Religion substitutes are hard. The biggest atheist religion-substitute I know of is Sunday Assembly. Is a per cent celebration of life.
We are born from nothing and go to nothing. We have no set texts so we can make use of wisdom from all sources. Everyone is welcome, regardless of their beliefs — this is a place of love that is open and accepting.
Is free to attend, not-for-profit and volunteer-run. We ask for donations to cover our costs and support our community work. Has a community mission.
Through our Action Heroes you!Obviously there is more going on than evaporative cooling (costly signalling, consitency and committment effects, etc.), but I think that it is a fair first order approximation if the group one is talking about is American xtianity as a whole.
Should Animal Experimentation Be Permitted?Animal rights Essay. Throughout history, animal experimentation has played an important role in leading to new discoveries and human benefit - Should Animal Experimentation Be Permitted?Animal rights Essay introduction. However, what many people tend to forget are the great numbers of animal subjects that have suffered serious harm during the .
animals may be used for experimental research that contributes to science if there are no other alternatives. II. Body A. Opposing argument 1 Animal rights activists claim that people and animals are equal and thus they should be treated equally.
Rebuttal to argument 1 People and animals should not be seen as equal. a. death of an animal cannot be seen as the same thing as the death of a person b.
More Essay Examples on Animals Rubric. Perhaps one of the most persuasive arguments in support of this shameful testing relies on the medical field’s need for test subjects.
Chapter 2: Miller-Urey experiment. Prebiotic Oxygen. A key question in origin-of-life research is the oxidation state of the prebiotic atmosphere (the current best guess is that the origin of life occurred somewhere around bya (billion years ago)). This bibliography is primarily based on Oscar Horta’s Publications in English on wild animal suffering and intervention in nature (for and against), Daniel Dorado’s Ethical interventions in the wild: an annotated bibliography, and the research that Aron Vallinder and I did for a paper on wild animal welfare that we once planned to write.
If you know of relevant material not included in the.