The Giants physically connect circles 8 and 9:
Dante Alighieri was born in approximately in Florence to poor but noble parents. He became involved in Florentine politics, was a delegate to Pope Boniface VIII, was sent into exile when his political enemies and possibly eventually his allies too took exception to him, and died in in Ravenna at the approximate age of He was married into a politically powerful family and fathered several children, but he fell in platonic love with Bice Portinari, ostensibly at first sight at the age of nine.
Dante fought several battles over the years, mostly over which faction ruled Florence, but was not a remarkable soldier. In most respects Dante was an unremarkable man.
Yet that one way — his poetry, and especially The Divine Comedy — has had an unusually large influence on not just Italy and the Italian language, but also western civilization and Christianity in general.
But Dante invented the concept of contrapasso, the idea that sinners should be punished in a way that mirrors or resembles the sin.
And so it has been, to a greater or lesser extent, ever since Dante imagined his Inferno. The geography of the Inferno Sideview of the Inferno, from the Marc Musa translation, Penguin Classics Dante divided Hell up into three major subdivisions according to the type of sin, but with two areas that sit apart from the sinful.
Outside of Hell proper is the Vestibule, where the cowardly souls who refused to commit to either virtue or vice are punished. The First Circle is where those virtuous pagan souls who died unbaptized or who died prior to the coming of Christ reside. According to Dante the Poet as opposed to Dante the Pilgrim, the main character in The Divine Comedy those sins are lust, gluttony, hoarding or squandering money, and the mirrored sins of anger and sloth.
The heretics are punished above a tall cliff that leads to the sins of violence, but are walled off from the rest of the sins of incontinence by a wall that is patrolled by Furies.
At the base of the cliff is the Seventh Circle where the sins of violence are punished. Below the Great Barrier a massive cliff that Dante the Pilgrim and his guide Virgil can only descend with the help of a flying demon are the Eighth and Ninth circles.
Contrapasso in the Inferno Nearly every punishment described in Inferno is intended to represent a contrapasso, a reflection of the sin being punished. Dante first introduces the reader to the idea in the Vestibule, where the uncommitted are punished.
Because they were uncommitted in life, they are forced to forever chase, but never catch, a pennant while being tormented by stinging insects. In addition, since they never did great deeds for good or ill, their identities are impossible to discern.
Dante the Poet considers them to have never truly been alive, and thus now they can never truly die either. In this case, the sin of eating too excess is punished by having a ravenous monster tear at and devour parts of the souls, which, being eternal, eventually heal only to be attacked and devoured yet again.
Here is a marsh created by the river Styx. In addition, in the case of heretics who led sects of non-Christian religions, all the heretical followers are also jammed into the same burning sepulcher with the heretical leader.Oct 09, · La dura legge del contrappasso Dante dixit.
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Undo. Undo. Oct 11, · But the contrappasso only makes sense for a specific subset of heretics: namely, atheists. The taxonomy is somewhat questionable, seeing as members of different contemporary religions don’t count for Dante as either unbelievers or heretics (remember how he placed a number of famous Muslims as well as ancient Pagans in a rather heaven-like.
Contrapasso (or, in modern Italian, contrappasso), from the Latin contra and patior, "suffer the opposite": refers to the punishment of souls in Dante's Inferno, "by a process either resembling or contrasting with the sin itself."A similar process, though a penitential one, occurs in the Purgatorio.
From Italian Malebolge, the name given by Dante (Inferno xviii) to the eighth circle of Hell, consisting of ten rock-bound concentric circular valleys, plural of malebolgia from malo evil (from classical Latin malus: see mal-) + bolgia valley, bag.
Add text, web link, video & audio hotspots on top of your image and content. The contrappasso is a poetic technique with which the poet Dante intends from HUI at Stony Brook University.