Affirmative action alternatives

The number of alternatives can vary among items as long as all alternatives are plausible. Plausible alternatives serve as functional distractors, which are those chosen by students that have not achieved the objective but ignored by students that have achieved the objective. There is little difference in difficulty, discrimination, and test score reliability among items containing two, three, and four distractors.

Affirmative action alternatives

Affirmative action alternatives

National Park Service The National Park Service preserves unimpaired the natural and cultural resources and values of the national park system for the enjoyment, education, and inspiration of this and future generations. The National Park Service cooperates with partners to extend the benefits of natural and cultural resource conservation and outdoor recreation throughout this country and the world.

They are the most remarkable collection of places in America for recreation and learning. Visitors can immerse themselves in places where events actually happened and enjoy some of the most significant natural and historic places in America.

The Globe and Mail

These are places that offer renewal for the body, the spirit and the mind. As required by the Organic Act, these special places must be managed in a special way—a way that allows them to be enjoyed not just by those who are here today, but also by generations that follow.

Affirmative action alternatives

Enjoyment by present and future generations can be assured only if these special places are passed on to them in an unimpaired condition.

And that is the challenge that faces all the employees of the National Park Service. It is a challenge eagerly embraced, but employees must have the tools required to perform the job successfully. The Management Policies contained in these pages represent one of the most important tools available.

Through their judicious and consistent application, these policies will set a firm foundation for stewardship that will continue to earn the trust and confidence of the American people.

Underlying Principles The National Park Service adhered to a number of principles in preparing this edition of Management Policies. The key principles were that the policies must:It is illegal to discriminate based on race, religion, gender, or national original when hiring or in the workplace.

Federal contractors and subcontractors must take affirmative action to guarantee equal employment opportunity without regard to these factors. A leader in community corrections. Alternatives, Inc., a Billings based non-profit serving Yellowstone, Carbon, and Stillwater Counties. Since , Alternatives, Inc.

has provided alternatives to incarceration for federal, state, and local offenders. According to a recent survey, Americans don’t like racial preferences. This is not news, being quite in line with many earlier polls, but the time and place here are rather propitious, with the Harvard affirmative-action case going to trial next week.


Alternatives, Inc. is a gateway for those pursuing careers in counseling, corrections, and law enforcement. The experiences and training provided leads to opportunities for advancement with the organization or as Licensed Addictions Counselor, Licensed Certified Professional Counselor, Probation and Parole, or law enforcement officer.

A Better Affirmative Action: State Universities that Created Alternatives to Racial Preferences The Century Foundation is a progressive nonpartisan think tank.

The Future of Affirmative Action

Apr 27,  · Wealth-based Affirmative Action May Be the Best Alternative to Racial Preference. Angel L. Harris, a professor of sociology and African and African-American Studies.

Affirmative action - Wikipedia